|Different Visions on Social Protection|
The Vision and Orientation of the IYCW
1. In the IYCW, we began to discuss and deepen the concept of Social Protection from 2000. During the council in 2008 we were convinced that demanding “social protection for all” is the best way to ensure social, economic and cultural development for young people across all countries.
2. We defined the concept of social protection as follows: “For the IYCW, Social Protection is a right of young workers which contributes to a society that lives the value of solidarity. It is ensured through programs, policies and laws that guarantee stable and just work, economic security, health, the right to education, as well as equality and freedom for a life in dignity. This security permits young workers to realize their full capacity and to make their contribution to society”.
The vision and orientation of ILO
3. The ILO has set out three main objectives reflecting the three major dimensions of social protection: (1) Extending the coverage and effectiveness of social security schemes, (2) Promoting labour protection, which comprises decent conditions of work, including wages, working time and occupational safety and health, essential components of decent work and (3) Working through dedicated programmes and activities to protect such vulnerable groups as migrant workers and their families; and workers in the informal economy.
The vision and orientation of Social Organisations
4. For Social Organisations, “Social Protection constitutes a crucial and fundamental tool in the fight against poverty and the realisation of sustainable socio-economic development”. It is a mechanism for the distribution of wealth based on solidarity. Consequently it is an important lever for achieving a fair society in that it prevents and reduces social exclusion and inequality as well as poverty and vulnerability. It is ensured through access to health care, health and safety at work, income security, access to social security and food security”.
5. There are many more different visions and understanding by different institutions and organisations on Social Protection. However, in general Social protection is concerned with preventing, managing, and overcoming situations that adversely affect people’s well being. Social protection consists of laws, policies and programs designed to reduce poverty and vulnerability by promoting efficient labour markets, diminishing people's exposure to risks, and enhancing their capacity to manage economic and social risks, such as unemployment, exclusion, sickness, disability and old age.
6. The IYCW campaign for Social Protection has thee important pillars: Just Work, Gender Equality in the YCW movement and in the society, and Quality Education for life and work. These are intrinsically linked to the idea of social protection. However, a great deal of work remains to be done for better integration of this theme among the young workers and in society.
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